The Republic of South Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa that gained its independence from Sudan in 2011. Its current capital is Juba, which is also its largest city.
The territories of modern South Sudan and the Republic of the Sudan were occupied by Egypt under the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, and later governed as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until Sudanese independence was achieved in 1956. Following the First Sudanese Civil War, the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was formed in 1972 and lasted until 1983. A second Sudanese civil war soon developed and ended with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005. Later that year, southern autonomy was restored when an Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was formed.
South Sudan is a United Nations member state, a member state of the African Union, of the East African Community, and of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development. South Sudan has suffered ethnic violence and has been in a civil war since 2013.
Adapted from Wikipedia